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ضمائر الوصل في اللغة الانجليزية

محتوى الموضوع

ضمائر الوصل في اللغة الانجليزية

RELATIVE PRONOUNS ضمائر الوصـــل

WHOWHOMWHICHTHATWHOSEASBUT

WHO يعود على فاعل عاقل أو جمع أو مؤنث و يعقبه مباشرة

  • I SAW A FAT MAN . HE COULD NOT WALK
  • I SAW A FAT MAN WHO COULD NOT WALK
  • THE PUPIL SUCCEEDS EVERY YEAR . HE IS CLEVER
  • THE PUPIL WHO IS CLEVER SUCCEEDS EVERY YEAR

WHOMتعود على المفعول به أو المجرور العاقل مفرد و جمع مذكر و مؤنث

  • THAT IS THE BOY . I MET HIM ON FRIDAY
  • THAT IS THE BOY WHOM I MET ON FRIDAY
  • I KNOW THAT GIRL . YOU SPOKE TO HER
  • I KNOW THAT GIRL WHOM YOU SPOKE TO

WHICH

تعود على الفاعل أو المفعول به غير العاقل المفرد أو الجمع

  • THIS IS THE TRAIN . IT MADE THE ACCIDENT

ممكن حذف WHICH و أستبدالها بـــ THAT

  • THIS IS THE TRAIN WHICH MADE THE ACCIDENT
  • THIS IS THE TRAIN THAT MADE THE ACCIDENT

WHOSE

للملكية عاقل أو غير عاقل و تحل محل ضمير الملكية أو S الملكية

  • I KNOW THE MAN . HIS WEALTH ثروته IS GREAT
  • I KNOW A MAN WHOSE WEALTH IS GREAT
  • I SAW A MAN . THE MAN’S CAR MADE AN ACCIDENT
  • I SAW A MAN WHOSE CAR MADE AN ACCIDENT

AS

تستعمل AS كأسم موصول عندما يسبقها كلمة SAME أو AS أو SUCH

  • MEET ME AT THE SAME PLACE AS YOU DID YESTERDAY
  • THIS IS THE SAME THING AS YOU ASKED FOR
  • THIS IS NOT SUCH A GOOD RESULT AS I HOPED
  • I NEVER SAY SUCH THINGS AS YOU DO
  • AS MANY PEOPLE AS WORKED WERE GIVEN FOOD

BUT

تستعمل BUT كأسم موصول و لكن للنفى بمعنى (( و لكن ))

  • THERE IS NO ONE BUT REGRETS HIS DEATH
  • لا أحد إلا و حزن على وفاته
  • THERE IS NO ONE WHO DOES NOT REGRET HIS DEATH
  • THERE IS NO PLANT BUT REQUIRES WATER
  • THERE IS NO PLANT WHICH DOES NOT REQUIRE WATER

THAT

يمكن أن تحل محل WHO أو WHICH و لا تحل محل WHOSE

يجب أستخدام THAT بعد ANY أو THE ONLY أو IT أو ALL أو بعد صفة التفضيل القصوى

  • ANY MAN IS A FOOL . HE LISTENS TO YOU
  • ANY MAN THAT LISTENS TO YOU IA A FOOL
  • SHE IS THE FINEST WOMAN . SHE EVER LIVED
  • SHE IS THE FINEST WOMAN THAT EVER LIVED
  • HE IS THE ONLY PUPIL . HE HAS GOT THE PRIZE
  • HE IS THE ONLY PUPIL THAT HAS GOT THE PRIZE
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