الافعال

تقديم الفعل على الفاعل في اللغة الانجليزية

تقديم الفعل على الفاعل في اللغة الانجليزية
تقديم الفعل على الفاعل
Inversion of subject and verb After certain adverbs
في غير حالات الاستفهام و بدء الجملة بــ here   أو there قد يقدم الفعل على الفاعل في الاسلوب الأدبي أو القانوني لذا يفضل عدم لجوء الطالب اليه في غير ضرورة .
يأتي الفعل قبل الفاعل في الحالات الاتية: Questions :
  • Are you at home at 7 o’clock ?
  • Where did he go yesterday
  • Question tags
  • is a doctor , isn’t he ?
  • She came late , didn’t she ?
بدلا من  if   عند حذفها في الاسلوب الأدبي أو القانوني
  •  if he worked hard , he would succeed .
  • should he work hard , he would succeed .
  • if he had run fast , he would have caught the train .
  • had he run fast , he would have caught the train .
  • if I were you , I would help him .
  • were I you ,  would help him .
اذا جاءت الصفة في أول الجملة بقصد أعطائها قوة في التعبير في الاسلوب الأدبي خاصة 
  • The pupil was happy when he succeeded .
  • Happy was the pupil when he succeeded .
  • The lesson is difficult to answer .
  • Difficult is the lesson to answer .

اذا جاءت الظروف الاتية في أول الجملة بقصد التأكيـد

لا أبداَ
I have never been to London
Never have I been to London
never
غالبا
He has often warned me not to listen to her
Often has he warned me not to listen to her
Often
بلا جدوى – عبثاَ
He tried in vain to open the door
Vainly did he try to open the door
In vain (vainly )
عند بدء الجملة بـــ here  أو there  أو then
The man I spoke to you about is here
Here is the man I spoke to you about
Here comes the milkman
Here
بمعنى ( يوجد )
There are flowers of all colors in the garden
There have been many wars in the history of the world .
There   و الى هناك   goes everyone
Then و تلا ذلك    marched soldiers
There is
Are
Have been
ليس في أي مكان
Water is found nowhere in the desert
Nowhere in desert is water found
Nowhere
لم يعد بعد
We no longer use kerosene stoves
No longer do we use kerosene stoves
No longer
نادراَ
Mona seldom visits us
Seldom does mona visit us
Seldom
Rarely
مرتين
I visited Europe twice
Twice did I visit Europe
Twice
قلما
Little does he realize how foolish he looks
Little
بأي حال من الاحوال
On no account must you smoke again
On no account
كلا – حاشا – مطلقا
By no means does he smoke
At no time has it been so easy as nowadays
By no means

بعد الظروف التي تبدأ بــ only      

مثل :

  • Only by chance
  • Only with difficulty
  • Only on rare occasions
  • Only by luck
  • Only when
  • Only then
  • Only today
  • Only yesterday
  • Only then can we overcome our problems  
  •  فقط عندما  نتُمْكِنُ أَنْ نَتغلّبَ على مشاكلِنا
  • Only by luck could he pass the test .

بعد and so ( عطف مثبت على مثبت ) 

 and neither  (عطف نفى على نفى )

  • he likes chocolate and so does she
  • he doesn’t like chocolate and neither does she

اذا جاءت العبارات الاتية في أول الجملة

  • No sooner ………..than………
  • Hardly …………… when……..
  • Scarcely ………….. when ……..
  • Not only …………..……………
  • So …………………. such ………
  • No sooner had he bought his bicycle than he smashed 
  • Hardly had he recovered from influenza when he caught malaria
  • So hot is the pot that I can’t hold id
  • Such a noise did they make that no one overtook him  يلاحقه
  • Such was their noise that I almost burst with anger
  • هكذا كَانَت ضوضائَهم حيث أَطْفحُ بالغضبِ تقريباً
  • Not only did he break his promise but he told a lie as well
  • لَيسَ فقط نَقضَ وعدَه لَكنَّه أخبرَ كذبة أيضاً
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