الضمائر

الضمائر الشخصية في اللغة الانجليزية

الضمائر الشخصية في اللغة الانجليزية

PERSONAL PRONOUNS الضمائر الشخصية

ضمائر الفاعل:

  •  I HeSheItYouWeThey 

تأتى في أول الجملة قبل الفعل:

  • I GO TO SCHOOL
  • HE IS A STUDENT
  • THEY ARE CLEVER
  • SHE GOES TO SCHOOL
  • I WANT MORE
  • YOU SAID THAT
  • SHE NEEDN’T COME
  • WE WEREN’T TOLD ANYTHING
  • THEY HAVE BEEN SET ASIDE

يأتي ضمير الفاعل بعد SUCH AS في الاسلوب الكتابي أو الرسمي:

  • I WOULDN’T GIVE IT TO A MAN SUCH AS HE
  • I HAVE NEVER SEEN A BEAUTIFUL GIRL SUCH AS SHE

OBJECT PRONOUNS ضمائر المفعول أو المجرور

  • ( Me – Him – Her – It – You – Us – Them (

بعد الفعل أو يسبقها حرف جر:

  • ALI IS MY FRIEND . I SAW HIM YESTERDAY
  • THIS IS NOHA . I LOVE HER VERY MUCH
  • I GO TO SCHOOL WITH HER

في المحادثات:

  • DON’T BLAME ME لا تلومني
  • DON’T WORRY HER لا تشغل بالها
  • DON’T DISTURB HIM لا تزعجه
  • DON’T TEASE HER لا تعاكسها

بعد EXCEPT – BUT

  • LET HIM HAVE SOMETHING TO EAT
  • HE SAT BETWEEN ME AND HER
  • THERE WAS NOBODY THERE EXCEPT ME
  • I SAW NOBODY BUT HER

التعجب:

  • WHAT ! ME FIGHT A BIG CHAP LIKE HIM
  • FANCY ! HIM DYING SO YOUNG AND HIM ONLY THIRTY

It

ضمير غائب لغير العاقل و هو فاعل و مفعول به . أما الملكية فهي ITS

  • IT IS A CAT , ITS TAIL IS LONG

و تستعمل للتعبير عن الوقت و المسافة و الطقس و درجة الحرارة

  • IT’S HOT TODAY
  • WHAT TIME IS IT ? IT’S SIX O’CLOCK
  • HOW FAR IS IT TO ALEX. ? IT IS 200 KILOMETERS
  • IS IT RAINING . IT IS FINE TODAY
  • WHAT IS THE DATE ? IT IS THE THIRD OF MARCH
  • IT IS BETTER TO BE EARLY
  • IT IS EASY TO UNDERSTAND SUCH REASONS

و تستعمل في جملة بعينها ( بشكل معين )

  • IT WILL BE POSSIBLE TO REACH THE PLANETS
  • IT IS STRANGE THAT HE HASN’T RETURNED YET
  • IT IS HOPED THAT HE WILL PASS THE EXAM
  • IT IS TIME TO GO

IT IS USELESS TO DENY انها عديمة الفائدة للأنكار

  • IT WAS KIND OF YOU TO HELP ME
  • IT SEEMS THERE WILL BE A WAR IN THE ARES
  • IT APPREARS SO
  • IT’S NO GOOD WASTING YOUR TIME
  • IT’S NO USE CHEATING ME لا داعى لأن تغشني
  • IT ISN’T WORTH COMPLAINING أنها لا تساوى الشكوى

استعمال SO كضمير

  • I THINK SO .أظن ذلك
  • I BELIEVE SO .أعتقد ذلك
  • I WAS TOLD SO .قيل لي ذلك
  • I’M AFRAID SO .أخشى أن الامر كذلك
  • SO AND SO . فلان و علان YOU WILL TELL .

POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS ضمائر الملكية

صفات ملكية – يليها أسم المملوك

  • THIS IS MY BOOK
  • THIS IS YOUR BOOK
  • THIS IS HIS BOOK
  • THIS IS HER BOOK
  • THIS IS OUR BOOK
  • THIS IS THEIR BOOK

ضمائر ملكية – تقوم بذاتها

  • THIS BOOK IS MINE
  • THIS BOOK IS YOURS
  • THIS BOOK IS HIS
  • THIS BOOK IS HERS
  • THIS BOOK IS OURS
  • THIS BOOK IS THEIRS

ضمير ملكية TO BE أو ضمير مجرور BELONG TO

  • THAT HOUSE BELONGS TO HER
  • THAT HOUSE IS HERS
  • THIS CAR BELONGS TO ME
  • THAT CAR IS MINE

REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS ضمائر انعكاسية

  • AS AN OBJECT مفعول
  • I RESPECT MYSELF
  • SHE WASHED HERSELF
  • HE ENJOYED HIMSELF
  • WE DIDN’T PREPARE OURSELVES FOR THAT
  • ONE HAS TO DEPEND ON ONESELF
  • TO EMPHASIZE THE SUBJECT

لتوكيد الفاعل و يأتي بعد الفاعل أو المفعول

  • PRESIDENT MUBARAK HIMSELF OPENED THE CONFERENCE
  • I WROTE THE LETTER MYSELF
  • SHE CLEANED THE ROOM HERSELF
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